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The glass is colored by
adding metallic salts during its manufacture.
For example, using the metal copper would produce green or blue glass.
Early stained glass artists were limited to a very few primary colors, but
today almost any color can be produced.
Stained glass is
described all colors and painted glass when used in a decorative or
architectural setting. There is one important & interesting aspect about
stained glass that the origins of the first stained glass windows are lost in
history. This technique was generally used in jewellery making, making of church
buildings and mosaics. Stained glass windows as we know them seemed to arise
when substantial church building began.
By the 10th century the
evidence of stained glass were found in depictions of Christ and biblical scenes
and in French and German churches and decorative designs found in England.
In 13th century Stained
glass windows are often viewed as semitransparent pictures. If it is viewed from
the ground, they appear not as a picture but as a network of black lines and
In the mid of 1800, glass
studios in England made their versions of old-fashioned windows for ancient
Stained glass was used
only in church windows and it loss the strength up till the post world war
second era but the theory of glass and art of painting influenced a new group of
artists to explore their natural skill in the medium of glass.
The development of
stained glass design and production was not even throughout the middle Ages.
Constant war, extreme shortage, destroyed much of the original glass .The rise
of new national identities also tended to create strong regional differences in
philosophy to beauty.
At the same time church
window that are made by these artists may in some ways be closer to those of the
early period of 12-15th centuries. In these windows there is
difficult to identify scenes, they again create a pure atmosphere of light and
color, inspiring a devoted attitude through the transformation of the ordinary
into the spiritual.
To understand how stained glass is prepared
there are a number of construction techniques available to the stained glass
artist - lead came for
traditional leaded windows, copper foil
for finer, more defined pieces such as detailed panels, lamps, etc and appliqué
for a modern variant on stained glass that uses adhesives as opposed to lead or
If fine details such as shadows or outlines are required, the artist paints them
on the cold glass with special paint made from metal oxides. The piece is then
fired in a kiln. This process is, in itself, an art. The oxides permanently fuse
with the glass to produce the painting. This is where we have derived the term
There is one belief that stained glass
today is not of the quality seen in the cathedrals built in times past. This
unfortunate misunderstanding no doubt by checking from what people often
encounter that false show of stained glass. While it is possible to see quality
stained glass at the great number of craft shows and fairs across the country,
one will just as often see some scrap of colored glass with a gray alloy of tin
in the shape of small statue of one or another mythological creature glued to it
and passed off as stained glass.
The second great falsehood is that
simulations that can achieve the same result as actual glass have replaced
stained glass. This unfortunate misunderstanding stems from the simple fact that
people want to save money, but they do not understand what the stained glass can
Though nobody knows the history of origin
of stained glass,there is an explosion of interest in the last 30 years has give
rise to many new and imaginative forms of this art. The rise of the individual
artist, new technologies and the growing interest in stained glass as a hobby
craft have all lead to what is being called a new golden age in glass. New homes
are frequently used beautifully crafted spectacular horizontal glass entryways,
stained glass bathroom windows and stylish lampshades, which increases the
aesthetic values of their houses. Decorative panels are purchased just to hang
in a sunny window. Marvelous hot-formed glasses pieces decorative tables, walls,
and shelves and fill windows.
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